Writing Skills: The Paragraph

The paragraph is the most important unit of a well-written essay. The paragraph has a specific structure and standards that make it effective and enjoyable to read. In this writing lesson we will look at how to construct good paragraphs and improve writing with better flow and clarity. After the lesson, take the quiz: TRANSCRIPT Hi, welcome again to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is about the paragraph. It's a writing lesson, and I want to show people what a paragraph is and how to construct one, what to do, what not to do so you can write very clear, very tight paragraphs. This is especially important for IELTS, TOEFL, SAT students but everybody has to follow the exact same rules. Now before I even begin, I must say that I'm talking mostly about academic writing or even business writing. Creative writing like novels or short stories, anything fiction, you can do anything you want. Only always remember: somebody has to read what you wrote so it has to be clear. But academic essays, for example, certain rules you have to follow; you have to be very careful about them. So let's begin. In terms of like the actual way a paragraph looks: you have to indent or skip a line. So let me just make sure you understand what an indent is. This is an indent, the first line a little bit pushed in or you can make sure you skip a line between paragraphs. But don't do both. If you skip a line, don't indent. Okay? That's the main thing. Now, that's in terms of the way it looks. In terms of content -- and this, I can't stress this enough -- very, very, very important: one central idea in one paragraph. Okay? I've seen many people, I've seen many essays where you start a paragraph talking about one thing, and then you go off on a tangent and talk about something completely unrelated. So for example: if you start a paragraph and you're talking about apples, continue to talk about apples. If you go to oranges, that's maybe okay because you're still talking about fruit. But if you start with apples, go to oranges, go to bananas, and then end up with monkeys in space there's a bit of a problem; the reader has no idea what you're talking about. One paragraph, one central idea. Now, make sure that you tell the reader what this central idea is. This is your thesis statement. Okay? It's a very general sentence. All it does is introduce the topic of the paragraph, nothing else. All the details comes after. So speaking of details, we'll talk about details in detail, but all other ideas, all the other sentences, all your sentences with the details must directly relate back to the main idea. So let's say here is your thesis statement; very general, every sentence after must relate back to that thesis statement. Okay? You can't go off to another idea. Everything must support this, must talk about the same topic. Very important. Okay? How long should your paragraph be? Technically, a paragraph could be one sentence, but in an academic essay that rarely happens. But it could be any length you want, as long as you're still on that one topic, as long as you still have things to write and things to say about that topic, say it. If you have four sentences, fine; if you have 10 sentences, also okay. Again, for IELTS, TOEFL, SAT students: four, five sentences should be your limit. You can't be too long because you don't have time and you're going to start making mistakes. So now, the details. Very important to have lots of details. Why is this topic important to your overall idea of your essay? Not only tell me what is the topic, what is the thesis statement of the paragraph, make sure you explain to me why this is important to the general idea of the essay. Give me your reasons. Now, why is it important? And then reasons, why you think what you're saying supports this idea. Examples, always use examples because giving me the reasons is okay; examples make me see exactly what you're trying to say. Very easy for me to understand what you're trying to say. Now, in terms of flow, in terms of the way the reader can approach the paragraph, you have to have bridges. What is, what do bridges mean? Basically, when you have one idea in this sentence, you must connect it to the next sentence, you must connect it to the next sentence. Every sentence must have a link to the next sentence. This creates flow, makes it much easier to read and understand, and it keeps you on the one topic. Now, key terms. If you're talking about something specific and you have to use a key term, use it as many times as you need to. Otherwise, avoid repetition. Try not to use the same word more than once in one paragraph. Okay? For example: if you're using the word "moreover" in the paragraph, don't use it, don't use "moreover" again -- use "in addition to", use "furthermore", "another", etc. Try to avoid using one word more than once, especially in the same paragraph.

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It really helpful <3 thank you so much
Tips to add vocabulary huhuhuhu
Why I am so stupid at writing a paragraph !
I really want to thank you. Your teaching style is very comprehensive and helpful.
Awesome video Adam!Thank you!
Very good explanation sir.
BestEnglish teacher ever i have seen in my life
"Dont be scared" I'm scared
Hii Adam thanks for video ,its very helpful.when my teacher checked my eassy, she told me to not write that bridge line . i am bit confused . i have one question. is it necessary to write that bridge line at the end ? can you please tell me because i am going to have my exam after a weak
Thanks for your efforts to teach us . I always get back you when l get hard time with English's lessons.
An excellent presentation. Very refreshing
I really enjoy your lesson Mr AdamI believe it can help me in a long run. What i want to do next is to teach us how to compose a letter and make a note form summary.
Salute to u sir...it’s totally interesting and impressive..
Thanks for lesson .. help me lotplease let the know the complete website ..of owl please ..
U suck bitch
Monkies in space.. hahahah :D
Amazing ..!!! Congrats. ..!!!
Thank you
This video is very much helpful
You are AWESOME!, Adam!
You look Kinda like jack dalton and soundkinda like the dr doofensmirtz
It is a lot for me, but I love it. Thank you, Adam.
He hasa great explanation that I ever watched
Who else is watching 15 hrs before test??? :p
Adam i subscribed you page but still am not getting your lessons,what have done wrong.
Pays $70 for ielts classes and learns everything from this very youtube channel. Waste of money!
Use a professional editing service to improve your writing! Visit here: bit.ly/edit1000
Punctuations are not clear.
Watching it one day before exam!
Thank Sir, upload this video
You re the best teacher i have ever seen
Your are my best teacher
Thanks,,, you are very clear.. now I understand better.
You are the best teacher i´ve ever seen
Impressive and very helpful I thank you sir!
Adam, do you have any specific videos or e-books for GRE?
Sir,You're adorable and Olympian of English .
Amazingly explained must say !!!!
Also great changes for what! Its suppose to be a topic sentence idk what that is
Exam starts after 4 hours
HI, i just wondering, do we allow to use "The writer" instead of "I" ? because it sounds more academic, but at the same time we are the writer. Any suggestion?
I've been watching some videos about writing skills, but yours is the best! Thank you for sharing your knowledge.
Hello sir , I want my written essay to be checked ,so how do i get to you.
Dude your cool
With Adam, we don't have to waste much money for English school with native tourists.
Hello Adam, CAn you give tips about writing the body of the essay writing section
Really you are beyond words Adam sir ..but I couldn't find your subject and predicate lesson or videos plz upload it ...thanks
ADAM! love your english
Thanks English Teacher
It is very helpful for me but i still confuse about how many ideas in on body is needed . can i add diffrent type of ideas or same as you show about one type in one body
Absolutely fantastic..!!!!! i really enjoyed it n learned easily thank you so much....
Adam, by any chance you film about how to use colons, and semicolons? This will help individuals like me accurately use these appropriately.
It is this very... means what? I havent seen a structure like this before😳
Why is the caption author Arabic? please reply.
Thanks adam!all the videos are informative.
So nice thanx a lot
Hi Adam. Is it okay to add "cut down expenses" in the sentence of "...they can cut down expenses to profit from this action and do not fear consequences" cause I think there's probably no direct relation between "profit" and "pour down wastes".
Amazingly explained must say !!!!
Yes i watched your many video,thatsmake me easy to learn .....but major confusionwith me is that not all video shows in sequence to get proper links by step one then step 2 . is thatway if i make continuously understand your videomy mind not concentrate. not good for me i want verity of vacublry
Are wr allow to use a watch in the exam? if not, how to manage my time without not having a watch =?
Thank you for teaching me!! Tomorrow I will do WIDA writing and your class helped me a lot!!!
Thanks Adam.. Enjoying your class..
Your topic sentence has a great meaning, but guide who? Push forward who? Your not being very specific.
I cann,t see w very well
Excellent presentation. Thank you, Adam!
I was told to write a paragraph in point form, whatever the fk that means... but fk it im writing my paragraph this way cus its much more simple and clearly explained.
*Can anyone recommend paper writing company?*
Can all the teachers in the world learn from this man in the video as this will help the world to prosper.
I am thinking of you are the best english teacher i've ever seen, i am truly very satisfied about your lessons, your explanations are all so clear and i'm very happy for that, this lessons has helped me a lot to understand how i must write and be more eloquent and again it's no joke, how can i do to get you as one of my english teachers? thank you :)
So ........Ema
Great video!
Amazing bro...... 👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻
Idea was very clear, but most difficult thing is find out the related key points which is suit to essay topic ☹️👍
Your classes are great!
Thank you this actually helped me alot
Very easy and understandable tips thanks
Your teaching way is quite impressive. its really helpful. Thanks a lot
Where do commas period & etc go in a sentence?... I skip lines when I write. could I submit something Im writing on Garth Brooks!..
I dont know how to write
If a paragraph is a group of sentences about the same topic right,therefore we must write the main idea in the first sentence?? could you answer me please
I was teached by a history teacher in my midschool age. Oh, my god, that history teacher's english was so bad!
Dude, this is awesome. I like how you explain the whole paragraph portion of a good essay.I am horrible at writing essays.This video helped a lot with my understanding of how to write a paragraph.Thank you.
Great instructor, but talks really slow. Thankfully youtube has a speed option for videos, so a 14 min video turned into a 7 min video without compromising his speech.
Thank you Adam for your sessions, it really helps. Have successfully cleared my writing section.
Great teacher.thnx
What is the use of moreover?
This problem is one that I commonly come across. In some disciplines one puts a reference after the last sentence in the paragraph, after the final period. I personally do not like this way of doing it and it may not even be formally correct in most disciplines. Instead I would suggest that you start the paragraph (or paragraphs if appropriate) by simply stating where the material has been sourced in the first sentence of the pragraph(s). Exactly how you formulate this depends highly on the content and what you need to write. It can be something dry such as "The following information is from XXX (1979)" but you can probably see how you can weave in the reference in an introductory sentence or two so that it makes sense and clear that you extracted the information from there. The main point is of course to make it clear to the reader where the information comes from. Clarily will be more important than nice formulations in this case. There
Hello sir , i really think that your videos are very helpful , however i always follow your instruction espicially about the writing section , recentlyi did ielts exam and i gained 6.5 overall , it's okey i'am happy about it as score , but i need 7.0 how i gain that score ??? very jard i feel tired from being always doing revisions , ... anyway sir , i hope that your my comment and mybe you check out one of the weitting's that i do , i did ...
Adddam i live in morroco you are so good
Thanks man
Eevery teachers in EngVid are the best English in YouTube.
My skills is so bad , i don't believe myself ><,it really hard ,this is the most worst in all 4 skills , so boring now
Hello Adam, I am an Italian man, I live in Germany and I´m 64 years old (is never too late is my philosophy:-)). I'm on board

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Writing Skills: The Paragraph