English Grammar: The Prepositions ON, AT, IN, BY

English for Beginners: Prepositions are short words that help us express location, time, and other relationships between people and things. Some examples of prepositions are: on, at, in, and by. Do you know how to use them? For example, do we say, "I am on a taxi" or "in a taxi"? Do you like to travel "in a plane" or "by plane"? After watching this simple but useful lesson, you will know exactly which preposition to use in any situation. Test yourself with our quiz: TRANSCRIPT I'm having a hard time reading on the train right now. Unh. Hold on. I'll start the lesson. Hi. James from engVid. Sorry, I was on the train. I want to teach you a lesson about four basic prepositions that we use in English that sometimes get confused, and I understand why, so I'll keep it basic. But because it's basic, it's going to be 80% correct. That's a good thing, that means you can go to the website and learn more from other lessons we have. But just know that sometimes there'll be exceptions, and I may not cover it here today. I'll even give you two exceptions to help you, but why waste time? Let's go to the board. Here's Mr. E. You'll notice he has a calendar, he has a clock, and: "You are here"? Oh, here. "Here" is a location. We're here right now, doing a lesson. That's the location: engVid. Let's go to the board and do the rest of the lesson, shall we? Here's: "at", "on", "in", and "by". "At". I love it because it's very specific, so you always know where you are, exactly. Problem: For transportation, "at" doesn't have anything. Hmm. So let's go to the next one. Let's go to "on". On. "On" is used for, let's say, large vehicles or large ways of travelling, such as buses... Sorry. Trains, buses, planes, and boats. I'll come back to boat in a second; it's an exception. On the train, on the bus, and on the plane, unless you're Bill Gates, Donald Trump, or me-I'm not in that list-you don't have your own train, plane, or bus, so you usually share it with a bunch of people or a few people. It's large. So we say: "You're on the bus", because it covers a big area, so there are many people sitting in that area. When I get to location, you'll see what I mean. Boat is a small exception. For many people in the world, they have their own boats because maybe they do fishing, or rowing, which is a type of boat that you go by yourself. In that situation, you can use "in". So, if the boat is small enough, say: "in": "I'm in a boat right now." But if it's a big boat, you have to say: "I'm on a boat." Another exception for the "on" rule is bicycle. You're always "on" a bicycle. I know, I said big vehicles, but remember: a bicycle is small, and it doesn't really have a motor or an engine, so we kind of give it its own thing, because you have to sit on the bicycle, and you can never really be in a bicycle. Is that good? Now, let's go to "in". "In" is funny because there are only two things for "in". "In" we use for car and taxi. The easy way to think about it is usually you own your own car; it doesn't belong to a group of people. People just don't get on your car every time you stop it, they go in and say: "Take me somewhere." And a taxi, well, when you're in a taxi, it is kind of your car. You pay the driver and you keep the car. So, this is one of those few cases where, because it belongs to me, I am in my car or I am in the taxi, because the taxi belongs to me as long as I pay the money. It's one of these funny exceptions. I don't know why, because you can put more people in a car, but I guess because you can actually own this transportation, it's yours. Think of it like the small boat. The small boat, one person is in it, you can be inside of it. All right? Cool. The last one we're going to do is "by". This is how you get there. So, "by" is different. When we talk about "in" and "on", you are... We are talking about how you are in the vehicle. Are you sitting on the bicycle? I can see you on it? You know, a boat is on water. But "by" just means: How did you get here? So, when someone responds to you with: "By car", "by plane", they're telling you how they got here. Not if they're in the plane, or on the plane. They are just... That's how they got there. So, how did I get here to do this video? Wouldn't you like to know. I'm kidding. I came here by car. So, yes, I was in my car and drove here, but I would tell somebody: "I got here by car, not by bus", and that would tell them the difference in the transportation I took. "How did you get here?" You like that? Good, so that's "by", this is how you did it; and the way you travelled is here, "in" and "on". Remember there is a small exception for small vehicles, so a small boat you can be in. Remember small. And a bicycle, you're always on the bicycle, because people see you sitting on it. We good? Excellent. Now, that is the lesson for transportation.

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Comments

Thank you very much. Please, then it is correct to say "I am at the university" and "I am in the university" because I am at the specific place what is the university and also I am inside it. Right?? Thank you in advance.
Wow very good, God bless you ever.
You are the best!!!
Good lessons e very good explanation
Is it "in a minute" or "at a minute"? Thanks for the lesson.
This lesson rocks. Help me a lot.
Amazing, thanks for the help.
Loved the video <3
Thank you very much james this lesson was very useful for me
Thank u so much keep showing more on aint,isnt aren t etc and all
So logical...
Thanks for your good lesson
That was the best explanation ever
Why don't say in bus I think bus or train like car ?
Wow i like it thanks a lot sir
People DON'T GET ON your car.... ???
Very clear, easy-to-understand lesson, thank you
It was a very helpful and enjoyable lesson. thank you
Hey guys! I've just uploaded a new video on english and applications. I'm a passionate teacher who loves to help people learn. Please pop on over to my page and give it a quick look. It is truly appreciated :)🙏🙏 🙏
Sir you are the best so far i searched in you tube☺
What do we use for "bike" ? in/at/on ?
😮 The channel is amazing!!!
Add me, i want to practice 00584144509114
Please clear the concept of time
I love you. thank you for sharing your valuable knowledge.
Really good!! Congratulations!! 😊😊
I am at the lesson now in 22 august i completed this lesson on next monday i will watch this lesson again i learn english by hearing this lesson
CONGRATULATIOS FOR THIS YOU TUBE CHANEL; I AM LEARNING INGLISH; I AM LUIS FROM MEXICO CITY AND LET ME TALK YOU SOMETHING, THANS YOU FOR THIS VIDEOS AND YOUR WAY TO MAKE IT VERY INTERESTING; THANK YOU SO MUCH.
Mr. james thank you so much for this video it really helped me a lot. you are one of the best!.
I hate u nigga
Hi I am t f I like waffles like if you think james is the best vye
Wait is there difference between on plane or in the plane? I'm confused.
I love the way you are teaching vert clear and helpful thanks a lot x
I am sitting on the motorcycle or in the motorcycle???
Finally I get it
Thank you so much omg!
I are very good!!! thanks a lott <3
Thanks
Thank you so much teacher \(^ω^\)
U help me a lot thx :D
Hi, James! I just started to watch your videos and you are already one of my best teachers on the internet!About the preposition "on" to buses, aeroplanes, big boats and trains, I think it has something to do to be stand up. When you drive a car or take a taxi, you can just be sit down, so you are not "on" the surface.Thanks for sharing your knowledge on Youtube! :0)
Perfect style of describing, I enjoyed and learned easily. Thumbs up👍🏻
Thanksforthis lesson 😊😊😊
Greets from Germany 😊Thank you for this such helpful video.. Can I ask you something?Are you from the US or the UK? Also I am an half American.. 😊
Que bien explicas!
Learning grammar with gus fring. best. thing. ever
The sexiest teacher ever on you tube....You're Very hot sir
I Teacher James, i'm a brasilian and i know you the last week and i've been whating your videos and they helped me very well! Thanks!
Thank you james. you are my best favorite teacher. when you teach anything l understand everything thank you for you again
Thank you I like this lesson
Hi James, nice videos! I was wondering if you could upload a video regarding reduced passive structures? I find it really confusing.
Thnx sir.. I m from India Very helpful lecture.
Thanks man you're the best!!
So cool..I dont nid to enroll to learn english just watching your videos ican learn hehe
I'm literally searching through your whole videos trying to find some inspiration for my own lessons lmao You've got a few great ones !
Train and others have a floor ....
I did 100% in the quiz thank u ❤️ It's in the description box
Great Lesson ! :D
You are a talented teacher.
Thank you
Hi! Why I only found you now? Nice explanations, awesome content! Thank you a lot :)
You are a very good teacher.
I think he is doing a terrific job , very understandable ,
Brilliant way to explain.
Hello, Mr. James you are a good teacher I am learning a lot from you. From Colombia. You speak English so beautiful and easy to understand. your voice isso beautiful.
Thank you, James! Your lessons are very easy for understanding! You are a perfect teacher!
Nice video sir I am your new student tell me first lesson
You're awesooooooooooooooooooòoooome
What is foe "meet me in the hallway " Is it a exception?
Thankyou alllllllot 🖤
Thank you! I've learned a lot😊😊 God bless..
You are an amazing teacher
🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🏆
What about in my opinion or on my own view
Excellent teacher, congratulations.
This isCalled excellent teacher,......
Thank you so much
You r Excellent!!!!!!!
Pls do a video of advanced usages of these particular preposition words
It really helped me thank you very much sir.
I'm only here for that handsome smile of yours. I can't focus 😍
I speak English natively but i still enjoyed this video.
My name is Jose, I'm from Rio, Brazil. Very good teaching.
Thank you!, useful video. ..but could you explain WHAT'S the Difference between for ex: "at school" and "in school ",at some place and in some place.?
My dear James, I am not an English native speaker, but I am quite sure that you have a rather basic mistake at 7:20 in your video.
I really like the way you teach sir.thank u
Did you notice in the celender is says what the fuck means wtf
I'm used to listening this podcast everyday. is this sentence correct grammatically?
СДОХНИ КОНЧИТА ЧЕРНАЯ МРАЗЬ ТЫ ОБЁБАНАЯ ТРАНЗИСТР ЕБУЧИЙ НАХУЙ ПОШЕЛ ПИДАРАС
Thanks. Very helpful 👍
Cue curd of IELTS
Excellent Broth !!!
Thank you
Excelent! thank you James!
SANBALOOSHE WAA IN LA SOO TAAGA MAXKAMAD MILITARI AH
English is my native language and yet I'm learning from this video. English is weird.
I need partnee for speaking english
Lys 5 e bu adamdan çalışmak daha mantıklı bizim ülkedeki kazmalardan çalışmaktansa
Sir you are doing it's nice!

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