Articles (a, an, the) - Lesson 1 - 7 Rules For Using Articles Correctly - English Grammar

In this lesson, learn the 7 rules for using articles in English correctly. ALL ARTICLES LESSONS here: For more FREE English lessons, SUBSCRIBE to this channel. Transcript: Hello and welcome. In this lesson, I will teach you the seven rules that you need to know for using articles in English correctly. Articles are the words ‘a’, ‘an’, and ‘the’. There is a final quiz at the end of the lesson for you to test your understanding. OK, the first rule is about where to use ‘a’ and where to use ‘an’. So rule number one is use ‘a’ before a consonant sound, and ‘an’ before a vowel sound. So in all of these words – you see that they start with a consonant sound. Cat starts with /k/, dog starts with /d/, boy with /b/, girl with /g/, house with /h/ and tree with /t/. So we say ‘a cat’, ‘a dog’, ‘a boy’, ‘a girl’, ‘a house’, ‘a tree’ etc. Notice that in natural speech, we don’t say ‘a’, we say ‘uh’ – like ‘a cat’. In this next set of words, you see that, they all start with a vowel sound – apple starts with /ae/, engineer starts with /e/, ice-cream with /ai/, old with /o/, umbrella with /uh/. So we say ‘an apple’, ‘an engineer’, ‘an ice-cream cone’, ‘an old womman’, ‘an umbrella’ and so on. In speech, we don’t say ‘an’, we say /ən/. Let’s do a small exercise. You see ten items on the screen. For each one, I want you to say if you would use ‘a’ or ‘an’ before it. Stop the video, think about it, then play the video again and check. OK here are the answers. Did you get them all right? I want to focus on items number seven to ten because these are a little tricky. Number seven is ‘a university’ because even though ‘university’ starts with the letter ‘u’ the first sound of the word is not a vowel sound. We don’t say /ooniversity/. We say /yoo-nə- vər-si-ty/ so that first sound is a /y/ sound, which a consonant sound, so we say ‘a university.’ Number eight is similar. The word ‘European’ starts with a /y/ sound, so ‘a European tour.’ In number nine, the spelling has an ‘h’ at the start but that ‘h’ is silent. We don’t say /hau-ər/, we say /au-ər/. The first sound is an /au/ sound which is a vowel sound, so this is ‘an hour’. In the same way, in number ten, we say MA. ‘M’ starts with an /e/ sound which is again a vowel sound, so ‘an MA in English’. OK let’s move on to rule number two: Use ‘a’ and ‘an’ ONLY with singular, countable nouns. We say that a noun is countable if we can count it – one, two, three, four etc. All of these words on the screen are countable. We can say one elephant, three cars, ten teachers, five hundred onions and so on. Now if you talk about one person or thing, like one elephant or one car, then that’s called a singular noun and if you say ten teachers or five hundred onions, those are called plural nouns. Uncountable nouns cannot be counted in this way. Nouns like water, sugar, milk, love, anger, knowledge are some examples. If you think about it, you cannot say “I drank four waters” or “I want eight milks”. To a person, you can say “I love you” but you can’t say “I have five loves for you” – that doesn’t make any sense. So these are all uncountable. Alright, so the rule is - you can only use ‘a’ and ‘an’ if you’re talking about one person or one thing. Let’s do another quick exercise. Here are ten items again. This time, you see ‘a’ or ‘an’ before the nouns, but some of these are wrong. They should NOT have ‘a’ or ‘an’ before them. Stop the video, identify the mistakes, then play the video again and check. OK, here are the answers. Number three is wrong because ‘shirts’ is a plural and you cannot use ‘a’ or ‘an’ before a plural noun. Number five is wrong because ‘happiness’ is uncountable, so again, ‘a’ or ‘an’ cannot be used there. The same goes for number six – water is uncountable. Number nine is wrong because ‘doctors’ is a plural – you can say ‘a doctor’ but not ‘a doctors’. And finally, in number ten, advice is an uncountable noun – so you cannot ask for ‘an advice’. Now a quick note here: the article ‘the’ can be used with all kinds of nouns – singular or plural countable nouns, and uncountable nouns. OK, so let’s now talk about how to choose between ‘a’ or ‘an’ and ‘the’. Here’s rule number three: Use ‘a’ or ‘an’ to talk about a person or thing unknown to your listener. And use ‘the’ to talk about a person or thing known to your listener. For example, “My sister has two computers: a PC and a laptop. The PC is quite old but the laptop is brand new.” I say ‘a PC’ and ‘a laptop’ because that’s the first time I’m mentioning the two computers. That is, until this point, they are unknown to you, the listener. But now, I can say “The PC is quite old but the laptop is brand new.” When I say ‘the PC’, you know which one I’m talking about: my sister’s PC. And the same thing goes for the laptop.

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Hey there, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Let me know if you have ANY questions. Also check out: ➜ Tell Me About Yourself - The PERFECT ANSWER to this Interview Question: ➜ Correct Use of WILL and WOULD: ➜ 1 Simple Trick to Become FLUENT in English: ➜ 50 Words You are Pronouncing WRONG: ➜ 100 English Sentences You Can Use in Conversation: ➜ Speak English FLUENTLY like a NATIVE SPEAKER with just 10 words: ➜ Correct Use of COULD and WOULD: ➜ 1 Simple Method to INCREASE Your VOCABULARY: ➜ Correct Use of HAVE HAD / HAS HAD / HAD HAD: ➜ All PARTS OF SPEECH lessons: ➜ Learn TELEPHONE ENGLISH - 100 Sentences You Can Use on the Phone: ➜ Correct Use of SHOULD HAVE, COULD HAVE, WOULD HAVE:
Hi sir I have a question! U said an apple, an elephant etc for singular if the sound is vowel. If I'm talking about specific apples and elephants and my listener knows that what I'm talking about then could I say like the apples, the apple, the elephant the elephants etc?
Hello in the latest exercises specially in example N6 B: why you put a before whitener is in a countable noun . and thank you I wish you all the best keep going.
Why not... she doesn't eat a chicken or a fish.
Sir in 5th blank of exercise why there is a spinach omelet why not an because spinach start with Hindi wala ee which is vowel and sit in second exercise why you putan before idea and didn't put an before advice and idea and adviceI think both are not countable
Good evening sir, I want to learn English grammar for DSC . plzzzzz give me some suggestions to learn English fastly...
Sir .. why we use 'the' before CEO ?
Hello teacher!  Thank you for the video. I did mixed, I mean by that in a longer sentence I used 50:50 articles. Numbers 4, and 7 was a bit confusing. Could you explain about it? Please & Thank you.
Why didn't you used a chicken or a fish in the fist sentence
Hi sir agar advice ka aga ''an'' use nhi ho skta tho fir idea ka aga bhi tho nhi use hogha ''an''
But we usually say "Can you please give an advice on this"
Hello, hope you're doing great ganesh. I have seen many videos. May be 2000+ English learning videos, till now I could able to learn proper English. When I saw your videos I felt happy with myself. Now I ll speak with anyone without Hesitation. Thanks lot Ganesh. You're my great tutor.
I don't understand why an idea is correct and an advice is wrong.Is idea countable?
Hi sir your my best GURU
I'm sorry, but I am so confused. Why do we say "a teacher" but "the dolphin"
Please let me know the lesson of "no articles".
What is difference between rule 3 and4? i find it same.
My name's ali and wanna learn english so can you help me about english?
The way you describe is very easy to understand any topic, you are great.!!!
Kudose to you Sir. Seriously I am pretty impressed to learn lot many things through you. By theway - could you please release some videos which pertaining to the phonetics? If we master in Phonetics we are the champ at office (BPO/KPO-SEMI VOICE)..I already learnt many things from you but still I am hungry to learn which I don't know. Once I gain knowledge I will teach others. Thanks...
Your tutorial s really good, your videos because it is very easy to understand and keep it up
I think in YouTube videos about English...you are the best one...
Sir how it is possible to put (a) before house,then why we put (an) before hour...sir differentiate me? my qn is an ouse(h) silent like wise to an hour why it can't be?
Great explanation :) Thank you very much.
Got 4 of them wrong. Can you explain use of a in the last one.
Really vry informative video...thnks a lot sir
Where you are from ?
Sir ur grammar lesson are excellent. Kindly do change the voice. Degree of comparison, figure of speech. Question tag. I doing my b.ed n using all ur teaching tips in my lesson plan.
This what i want thnx
Hello, thanks for this video. Why is there THE police?
I have next question, don't answer if you are busy. "I think I left the stove on." There is connection to the present (the stove is on). There is no specific time when I left my flat and left the stove on. So why we use here past simple instead of past perfect?
Why advice without article and idea with an ? Both are uncountable.
What article to use before electrician?Please reply back with an example.
Hi! In rule #6 you use "a" before "teacher", but "the" before "dolphin". Please, explane the difference. :)
Can i say "The teacher should be friendly to students" instead of the one you gave.
This is very useful channel for children.Thnkyou
U r very good . u took away all my doubts . i am gl,ad i come across you. thank you very much
The man in the grey suit is my boss. why "the" is added before grey? I don't understand.
Thank you. Your teaching style is very systematic and easy to understand.
You're a legend. Thanks sir.
1 mistake only.
I think u r the one person who give replies to everyone.i didn't find any teacher like u .
Sir fish is countable noun then why we don't use article before it?
My 7 one was fully wrong
I feel a need to write to you.To tell you how glad I am that discovered your channel to be honest I had good understanding your English language I admire your excellent knowledge and deep teaching I just wanted to say how much admire you and thank you for improving my English 👍
Thank you sir for your support
Very nice video I would like to know the difference between among and amongst. pls tell me
Human being or human beings should be helpful
Very happy to learn that way :) thank you
I got 5 wrong. Also, I would to know why can't we use a family.
You are the best English tutiorI am a big fan of yours 😀
Sir, is "the" is use with uncountable noun
Dear sir I all ways tried to speak fluent English but I can't
Thank you sir
Thanks for the lesson! It's very useful !, Regards from Perú!
Very nice and effectively lecture,very clearly explain the rules of a,an, the..thank u sir
Yup sir this was so helpful forme
Finally I got clarity in articles thank u sir
Great efforts. thanks
Plz sir tell me how to use may, might and could ..... It's bit confusing.. your method of teaching is very easy I m following you from 2 days only... Most imp thing in ur lecture is it's less tym consuming so easy to give 10 min
Thank u sir fr clearing all my doubt's!
Was usefull ...
Thank you sir
Awesome sir. Do a tutorial for question tag.
Really helpful.keep going
How can you plant a tree
Nice
I have completed my diploma in English at Ramakrishna math.but I didn't get good knowledge about English but now I'm getting some idea and communication skills. Thank you so much for your valuable videos sir
Why the Dolphin and not a Dolphin
Thank u
Super
You are fabulousI like your video very much 😃thanks
As you said happiness is uncountable nouns . However I can seebirthdays wishes wish u a happy birthday . Why a is before happy. Would you mind advise.
Sir for 4 th one we can use the children na sir..
Thank you sir. I like your videos,and I enjoy a lot .
Really really good job, thank you so much! You really know your job well! Thank you again!
I got one mistake in the bonus exercise hahaha but thank you so much for the clarification Sir. I have a book about grammar but its complicated that's why I'm glad that you have shared this tutorial :) keep it up!
Sir, I am Shatrohan Yadav. If I am inside the school, can I use preposition 'in' e.g I am in school.
Why it it The police.. and why not not article ? why is it not a family like a satisfying job ?
14:46 line 4: *A* teacher should be friendly to his students. Does it keep the same meaning using " *The* teacher should be friendly to his students"? line 6: *The* Dolphin is a very intelligent animal. Does it keep the same meaning using " *A* dolphin is a very intelligent animal"?
Sir... thank u for ur lessons.. would u pls correct the below sentences with explanation... 1. we must fight for the liberty of ____ press. 2. At least the beast got___upper hand. 3. ____ man is ___ best creature.
@Learn English Lab sir you used an idea so why not an advice. not able to get the difference between these two.
Hi. Thanks for your video :) It helps me a lot Anyway, there is something I still don't understand. To generalize countable noun, we use "a/an or the. 1. Teachers should be friendly to students A teacher should be friendly to his/her students 2. Dolphins are very intelligent The dolphin is very intelligent animal My questions are: 1. I still dont understand the different meaning of those example. I'm not sure the differencess about all the teacher (general) and every single teacher. And same goes to the second example. Do you mind to explaining morea bout that? 2. The dolphin is very intelligent animal (can I write "a dolphin is very intelligent animal?) Thank you. Because I'll have a test next month about this topic, I'm a little bit anxious because I'm confused. I feel glad after finding your video!!
Understood very well ......done all correct
I need more some more time to understand it. As I had given correct answer of few, but still it's not 100% correct Thanks for great videos Sir,
Hello, I was unable to talk English properly. I started to watch your channel, now i can talk English fluently. Now i'm glad because of you. Thank you ganesh sir.
I'm very happy to listenyour grammar very easily even a laymen can understand yourgrammarthank you so much sir
Thanks for good explanation. I scored 100% in the last exercise of the video.
Well said sir!But I have doubt in Last question. Can't we say achicken because chicken is countable noun. And I do have one question.... (a) Petrol is sold by litre.( a , an , the )
All of your videos are informative. Very clear explanation very precise and direct to the point. You don't know how much help your doing to me. Thank you so much!
Hi, Ganesh! Why did you use "The" in third sentence "The police think..."?
Why the police and a local criminal gang in 3rd sentence
Sir why there is no article used in number 1 question on _checkin and _fish? number 4 _undergraduate, _children, 7 _family and _lasting, _friendship please reply,,tnx
Good morning ... Why didn't you use article before chicken and children..It's quite confusing..
Have you ever visited ___ Andaman Islands?. what's the answer for this.
Sir , I have some question relatedto grammar if u can help me with reasons : You can take my car you drive carefully. ( when, unless, provided) I will have a cook my food.( to prepare, prepare, prepared) My Friend got married a European lady. ( with, to, from ) The thieves before the police arrived. ( Had left, left, did leave)
Thank you very much sir
Unique from others ..Easy to learn :)
Thankyou sir
Really useful, thanks!

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